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1779- Johann Peter Frank writes strict ethical guidelines for public health and sanitation to improve the quality of life.
1940s -- Nazi medical experiments horrify the world.
1948 -- Declaration of Geneva -- World Medical Association, reacting in part to Nazi experiments, creates a modern re-statement of the Hippocratic Oath, noting in part the duty of physicians to serve the humanitarian goals of medicine. One part declares: "I will retain the utmost respect for life, even under threat.."
2004-- eTBLAST created to search for similarity of articles in scientific databases. It has led to research involving
plagiarism and duplicate publications of articles in academic journals.
United Nations Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights
2005 -- United Nations Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights