The purpose of these regulations is to establish guidelines that promote the orderly conduct of university business; effectively utilize parking space within the limits available and to reduce congestion on the Radford University campus.
In accordance with Section 23-9.2:3 of Code of Virginia, Radford University adopted these regulations for the operation of motor vehicles by all students, employees, guests, and visitors to the campus. The president of Radford University and the Board of Visitors have given the University Police Department and Parking Services the responsibility and authority to enforce parking rules and regulations. The same have given responsibility of collection of fines and fees associated with parking violations to Parking Services pursuant to Section 2.2-4800 of the Code of Virginia. These Regulations are in effect from February 2012 until amended.
Part I - General Information
In the interest of fairness and legality, these rules and regulations apply equally to university employees, students, visitors, and guests. The cooperation of vehicle operators in the administration and enforcement of traffic and parking regulations will enhance the convenience, safety, and general welfare of the university community.
The following is general information about the university parking program:
REGISTRATION FEES FOR EMPLOYEES AND STUDENTS
- Registration fees are charged for full time employees, students and adjunct faculty on an annual basis beginning in July each year.
- Registration is prorated to ½ for full time employees and students beginning January 1st each year.
- Summer registration is the same for the aforementioned classifications.
(Exact registration prices are listed on the Parking Lot Listings and Fees schedule.)
(Temporary Registration Fee (See Article II, Section 7, page 7.)
Registered permits must be returned to the Parking Services Office to obtain a refund. The annual registration fee is refundable in accordance with the following schedule.
DATE REQUESTED REFUNDABLE AMOUNT:
- Before October 1 Full refund.
- Between October 2 and February 28 50% of fee paid.
- After March 1 No Refund.
- No refund on Faculty/Staff permits purchased with payroll deduction.
- The special summer registration fee is not refundable.
APPEALS PROCEDURE FOR PARKING TICKETS
Individuals receiving parking tickets may appeal their fine to the Appeals Board. The following steps should be taken:
- All appeals must be initiated within (10) calendar days of the citation issuance. The day of issue is day 1.
- Appellants will be notified by email or letter from Parking Services of the decision on their appeal. Those appeals that are denied must be paid at the Parking Services Office in Heth Hall within ten (10) calendar days of the date of the letter. After (10) calendar days a late fee charge will be applied as described in Section 4.8.
- Persons who wish to have their appeal decision reviewed by the Parking and Traffic Regulations Committee may do so within (10) calendar days after the date of the original ruling on their appeal. No review will be granted after (10) calendar days of this date. Those individuals desiring a review must pay a $10.00, non-refundable, administrative fee to Parking Services before the 2nd Stage Appeal is processed for review.
- Parking Services and/or the Parking and Traffic Regulations Committee reserves the right to call individuals to appear in person when reviewing an appeal. Individuals may not appear in person before Parking Services and/or the Parking and Traffic Regulations Committee unless they are called by one of those bodies to do so.
ALL DECISIONS MADE BY THE APPEALS BOARD ARE FINAL.
DISPOSITION OF PARKING TICKETS
The individual in whose name the vehicle is registered with the University is responsible for clearing parking tickets and the payment of assessed fines. If a vehicle is not registered with the University the registered owner of the vehicle will be responsible for all parking tickets issued to that vehicle and the payment of assessed fines.
Parking tickets are cleared in accordance with the following procedures:
- Parking tickets must be taken or mailed to the Parking Services Office for disposition upon receipt of the citation.
- After 72 hours, a ticket is considered past due and it will block your account, if you are a student. Until such time as the fine is paid the student cannot enroll for future courses or obtain a transcript of academic work completed at Radford University. All unpaid fines of employees will be referred to the Virginia Department of Taxation for collection, an external collection agency or to the Payroll Office to garnish wages.
- If payment is not received in the Parking Services Office within 10 calendar days of ticket issuance a $15.00 late fee will be assessed.
- If after 30 calendar days, the ticket remains unpaid, an additional $15.00 late fee will be added to the account.
- For any payment mailed, the postmark date will be the date used as the date for which the payment will be applied.
Part II - Parking Regulations
ARTICLE I: GENERAL REGULATIONS AND DEFINITIONS
SECTION 1. DEFINITIONS
The meaning of other terms shall be as follows:
- ACADEMIC YEAR: From the beginning of one fall semester to the beginning of the next fall semester.
- BLOCKING DRIVE/DRIVEWAY: Blocking any street, alley, road, or any area in parking lots which is not designated for parking.
- CAMPUS: All property which is owned or leased by the State of Virginia and which is under the supervision of the Board of Visitors of Radford University.
- CROSSWALK: The portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections or any portion of a roadway distinctly indicated for pedestrians crossing by lines or other markings on the street surface.
- DIRECTOR OF UNIVERSITY POLICE: The person designated by the Vice President for Finance and Administration to be responsible for enforcing Virginia Statutes and the provisions of these regulations.
- EMERGENCY VEHICLES: Vehicles used by the University Police Department, Radford City or Virginia State Police. In addition any marked Fire or Emergency Medical vehicles.
- INTERSECTION: The area embraced within the prolongation of the lateral curb lines of two or more streets which join one another at any angle whether or not one such street crosses the other.
- OPERATOR: The word "operator" as used in this regulation means any individual who operates a vehicle or is in physical control of that vehicle.
- OVERTIME PARKING: A parking meter is in violation when the Yellow Violation flag is displayed or when the Red Overtime flag is displayed.
- PARK: The standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not.
- PARKING AREA: Any place set aside and marked for parking of vehicles, either permanently or temporarily.
- PARKING SERVICE OFFICE: The office responsible for the management and administration of parking facilities, resources, policies, and procedures, and enforcements.
- REGISTRANT: The individual in whose name a vehicle is registered with the Parking Services Office.
- SIDEWALK: Any area designated for, or marked by proper authorities for the exclusive use of pedestrians.
- STOP: Complete cessation of movement of the vehicle.
- STREET: Any way or place designated or marked by proper authorities for vehicle, bicycle, and moped traffic.
- STUDENT: Any individual enrolled or participating in academic activities at the university other than university employees.
- UNAUTHORIZED USE OF A PERMIT: Possession or use of a Radford University parking permit by any person other than the original purchaser or in any vehicle other than those legally registered to the permit.
- UNIVERSITY: Unless otherwise provided, Radford University.
- UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEE: Any individual employed by Radford University.
- VEHICLE: Any device in, upon, or by which a person or property may be transported or drawn upon the campus, except devices moved by human power. The term "motorcycle", in these regulations applies to any two-wheeled or three-wheeled motor-propelled vehicle.
- TRAFFIC AND PARKING OFFICER: Any person appointed by the Director of University Police or Parking Services Manager to enforce traffic and parking regulations and direct traffic on campus.
- SERVICE VEHICLE: Any clearly marked vehicle owned by the university providing maintenance or making deliveries to the various buildings on campus or any vehicles designated by Parking Services Office as such.
- CONSTRUCTION PARKING AREA: Any area designated by appropriate signs or barriers as reserved for construction contractors on the campus.
- VISITOR: Any person visiting a department or the campus.
- GUEST: Any person who is visiting a student or faculty/staff member on the campus.
SECTION 2. PUBLICATION
Regulations governing parking on the Radford University campus are in effect twenty-four (24) hours per day, 365 days per year. The Parking Services Office is responsible for the publication of amendments to these regulations as approved by the Parking and Traffic Committee of Radford University. This information is published and revised periodically to keep students and others advised of changes. Regulations governing parking and traffic or changes thereto are announced on official bulletin boards, in via email, and/or other campus publications.
SECTION 3. GENERAL PROVISION
The driver of a vehicle, bicycle, or motorcycle shall obey the lawful instructions of Police Officers, official traffic signs or traffic control devices placed in accordance with the provision of these regulations.
SECTION 4. REMOVAL OF SIGNS
No person shall, without lawful authority, attempt to or in fact alter, deface, injure, knock down, or remove any official traffic or parking control sign or device or any inscription, shield, or insignia thereon, or any part thereof.
SECTION 5. LIABILITY
The university does not assume responsibility for any vehicle or its contents, parked or operated on the campus.
SECTION 6. REPORT OF VEHICLE ACCIDENT
Vehicle, bicycle and motorcycle accidents occurring on the university campus must be reported immediately to the University Police in addition to any other reporting required by law.
SECTION 7. ADMINISTRATION OF REGULATIONS
The President, acting pursuant to the authority vested in her as Chief Administrative Officer of Radford University and by these regulations, shall exercise her discretion and authority in such a manner as to insure the proper conduct of the necessary business of the university and the effective utilization and control of the available parking areas and facilities on the campus of the university for the benefit of students, visitors, and employees. The President has delegated to the Vice President Finance and Administration, the Director of University Police, and the Manager of Parking Services the responsibility for the implementation and enforcement of these regulations.
ARTICLE II: Registration
SECTION 1. REGISTRATION OF VEHICLES
Students and employees of the university who operate or park a personal vehicle on the university campus must register their vehicle with the Parking Services Office. Vehicles registered must be owned by the registrant, their parent/guardian or spouse. Proof of vehicle ownership may be required at the time of registration for Virginia residents and is required for non-Virginia residents. Registration of vehicles operated on campus by contractors, vendors, and participants in special programs, conferences, and other events is determined on a case by case basis by the Parking Services Office.
SECTION 2. TIME OF REGISTRATION
All student and employee vehicles must be registered annually. The annual registrations process begins prior to the beginning of the fall semester each year. Spring registration begins the first day employees return to work in January. New employees must register their vehicle the first day of their employment during new employee orientation.
SECTION 3. DISPLAY OF PERMIT
Permits for vehicles must be displayed clearly from the rear view mirror. Permits on motorcycles must be affixed in a manner so as to be readily visible. Car covers or motorcycle covers are not allowed as they prohibit the permit from being visible.
SECTION 4. REPLACEMENT OF PERMITS
If a permit is stolen, lost or removed, the registrant is responsible for replacing the permit. Replacement permits may be obtained from the Parking Services Office. Please lock your vehicle. The charge for replacing your permit is as follows:
- Before October 1....Full Price
- Between October 1 & February 28...One Half of Full Price
- After March 1……One Quarter of Full Price
By filing a Lost or Stolen Permit Report with the University Police and Parking Services anyone can replace their permit at any point during the year for $10. (Exact replacement prices are listed on the Parking Lot Listings and Fees schedule).
SECTION 5. MISUSE OF A PERMIT
A permit may only be used by the original purchaser and only in the vehicle(s) registered to the permit. Unauthorized use of a permit may result in university sanctions, monetary penalty, loss of parking privileges and/or legal action.
SECTION 6. EXPIRATION OF PERMITS
All student and faculty/staff permits, regardless of the issue date, will expire annually on the date printed on the permit.
SECTION 7. REGISTRATION RESTRICTIONS
- A vehicle may be registered only by its owner, by the owner's child, parent, spouse, or guardian.
- Parking Services may require an individual to produce a current operator's permit and valid registration card or evidence of his/her right to use the vehicle.
- An individual may not register more than two vehicles without the approval of the Parking Services Office. Only one vehicle, registered to the same person, may be parked on campus at a time.
- The individual in whose name the vehicle is registered with the University is responsible for all parking tickets issued to that vehicle as well as any associated fines. If a vehicle is not registered with the University the registered owner of the vehicle will be responsible for all parking tickets issued to that vehicle and the payment of assessed fines.
- See Article IX for information on bicycles and mopeds.
SECTION 8. TEMPORARY PARKING PERMITS
- A permit for a vehicle temporarily in use may be obtained by the individual the vehicle is registered to for a period of time not in excess of two weeks if the original permit purchased is inaccessible.
- Permit holders are not entitled to obtain a temporary permit if the vehicle which is displaying the original permit is parked on campus.
SECTION 9. VISITOR PARKING PERMITS
- A guest of an employee, department or student must obtain a valid visitor parking permit in order to park in the appropriately designated university owned parking lots.
- Visitor permits may be obtained from the University Police Department.
- Individuals requesting special parking permits for groups should request these in writing at least three days prior to the event to the Parking Services Office. The name of the guest, license tag number, make and color of the guest vehicle(s), requesting department, department telephone number, and time frame of permit need to be included in the memo.
- Employees and students are never considered visitors to the university at any time.
- Employees and students are responsible for their guest and any violations they may obtain. Employees and students must make their guest aware of the university's parking rules and regulations.
- Visitors may only park in the lots designated by the Parking Services Office, or the University Police when the permit is assigned. Visitors who park in lots not designated by either of these departments are subject to receiving a parking citation for this violation.
- Guests staying longer than 2 nights will be assigned to park in more remote parking areas. Frequent guests of students may be required to purchase a parking permit.
ARTICLE III - PARKING REGULATIONS
SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISION
Parking of vehicles is prohibited in all campus areas except those areas designated for vehicle parking. Parking Services or the University Police Department should be notified immediately if
a vehicle is disabled (signs on windshield are not acceptable) or prior to loading/unloading a vehicle. The use of flashers does not give permission to illegally park.
SECTION 2. DESIGNATION OF PARKING SPACES
- Parking spaces for students and employees are designated by lots.
- Parking spaces for visitors are designated by lot on a valid visitor permit.
- Parking spaces for disabled persons are identified by appropriate signage.
- Parking spaces for employees of construction projects are identified by appropriate signs, barriers, or on a valid visitor permit.
- A listing of designated parking areas for each classification may be found in the Parking Lot Listings and Fee Schedule published on the Parking Services web page or with the Official Parking Map also on the Parking Services web page.
SECTION 3. PROHIBITED VEHICLE PARKING
- Stopping or parking so as to block the movement of a properly parked vehicle.
- Parking as to obstruct the flow of traffic or endanger life and property.
- Parking of a vehicle in an area reserved for a special event as designated by signs or traffic enforcement personnel.
- Using a designated parking place for dormant storage.
- Parking on sidewalk.
- Parking within an intersection or crosswalk or in front of a driveway.
- Parking on the grass or landscape areas unless directed by a Traffic and Parking Officer.
- Parking on the approaches or other portions of a parking area which are not clearly marked for parking.
- Blocking fire hydrants, trash receptacles (dumpsters), fire lanes and service entrances.
- When a particular angle or manner of parking is indicated in a parking area or parking lot by signs or markings, no person shall park a vehicle except at the angle or in the manner so indicated, and no vehicle shall be parked in such a manner as to occupy more than one space indicated by lines, signs, or markings for one vehicle.
- Parking in a space or along a curb for a period of time longer than allowed by signs or other markings.
- Parking in a space designated for disabled parking without a proper permit.
- Parking in a space reserved for visitors without being a visitor to the campus.
- Parking of a vehicle in an area reserved for construction parking as designated by signs or barriers.
- The use of hazard or flashing lights does not give permission to illegally park.
- Parking in a area NOT marked or posted for parking.
- Parking in a construction area.
SECTION 4. PARKING HOURS IN RESERVED SPACES
Parking in reserved spaces is enforced twenty-four (24) hour a day. Spaces designated for disabled, loading zones and visitors are enforced twenty-four (24) hours a day. RU Clinic spaces are restricted as posted.
SECTION 5. VEHICLE RESTRICTIONS
Vehicles shall not be parked upon any street, parking space, parking lot, parking area, alley, or driveway for the principal purpose of:
- Displaying the vehicle for sale.
- Washing, greasing, or repairing the vehicle except in the case of repairs necessitated by an emergency and except when permission is granted by the Director of University Police.
- Storage which is not incident to the bona fide use and operation of the vehicle.
- Storage of any detached trailer or semi-trailer when the towing unit has been disconnected, except when permission is granted by the Director of University Police.
SECTION 7. UNIVERSITY & MAINTENANCE VEHICLES
The foregoing regulations shall not apply to university or other properly designated service vehicles while performing necessary services. Services vehicles must obey regulations for reserved spaces other than those specifically for Service vehicles. Service vehicles must obey federal, state, and University regulations for Handicapped Parking Spaces.
ARTICLE IV: SPECIAL EVENTS
SECTION 1. SPECIAL EVENTS
The University Police shall take appropriate action to control unusual traffic and parking conditions resulting from athletic and other special events conducted on campus. Sponsors of these events shall notify the RU Police Department and/or Parking Services five (5) working days
in advance of scheduling events so that special traffic control and parking plans may be implemented.
SECTION 2. EVENTS
The University Police Department and/or Parking Services is authorized to and may require that certain areas or lots be temporarily reassigned in order to provide adequate space for events held on University property. The University Police Department and/or Parking Services shall notify persons using these areas by any one of these methods, posting signs in the area, by using digital signage, by mailing memos, by e-mail or by phone of such an event. When adequate notification is given, persons using these areas should have their vehicles removed for the specified time. This in no way authorizes a person (s) to park their vehicle illegally or improperly. These events include, but are not limited to, athletic events, conferences, emergencies, and commencement. Persons who fail to move their vehicles from these areas will be subject to being towed at the owner’s expense.
ARTICLE V: OPERATION OF VEHICLES
SECTION 1. GENERAL
The Virginia General Statues govern the enforcement of moving traffic regulations on the Radford University campus except as otherwise provided for in these rules and regulations.
SECTION 2. ENFORCEMENT
Parking Services and/or the University Police have the responsibility to enforce all Parking and Traffic Regulations approved by the Parking and Traffic Committee of Radford University. Questions concerning these regulations should be directed to the Chairperson of this committee.
SECTION 3. SPEED LIMIT
The maximum speed on the university campus is 25 miles per hour unless otherwise posted.
SECTION 4. RESTRICTED OPERATIONS
Vehicular traffic is restricted to paved streets and gravel/ paved parking areas. Vehicles shall not be driven or ridden upon any sidewalk or walkway, or within any area identified by post, signs, or other markings indicated that vehicles are prohibited except when permission is granted from the Director of University Police and/or Facilities Management.
SECTION 5. ONE WAY STREETS
Vehicles shall not be driven or ridden in a direction opposite to that indicated by appropriate signs or markings, including University parking lots.
SECTION 6. UNIVERSITY & MAINTENANCE VEHICLES
The foregoing regulations shall not apply to university or other service vehicles while performing necessary services.
SECTION 7. STOP SIGNS
Vehicles must stop at erected stop signs or marked stop lines painted upon intersecting streets except when otherwise directed by a Traffic Control Officer or signal.
SECTION 8. YIELD SIGNS
Vehicles must yield the right of way to other traffic at intersections marked by a yield sign except when otherwise directed by at Traffic Control Officer or signal.
ARTICLE VI: CLOSING OF PARKING AND/OR TRAFFIC AREAS
SECTION 1. CLOSING OF PARKING AND/OR TRAFFIC AREAS
The Director of University Police and/or Parking Services has the authority to close any street, roadway, alley, driveway, parking lot, parking area, or any portion thereof, on the campus of the university for the purpose of construction, snow removal, special events, maintenance work, for the protection of pedestrians, or any reason deemed necessary for safety or the needs of the University. Failure to comply with closings may result in the issuance of citations and/or towing at the owner's expense.
ARTICLE VII: VIOLATION PENALTIES
SECTION 1. APPLICABILITY
This schedule of penalties is applicable to all persons operating vehicles on University property.
SECTION 2. DISTRICT COURTS
Vehicle operators will be charged in the Radford City General District Court for all violations of the Virginia Code that are traffic violations, misdemeanors, or felonies. Vehicle operators who commit violations of infraction offenses from Virginia Statutes will be cited on a Virginia Uniform Summons form and will be referred to the City of Radford General District Court.
SECTION 3. CIVIL PENALTIES
The traffic and parking violations listed below are considered civil offenses and applicable fines are assessed and collected through established University Debt Collection Procedures. Fines may be paid at the Parking Services Office located in Heth Hall.
- Non-Registered $30
- Restricted Lot $30
- Parking in Reserved Space $30
- Failure to Properly Display Permit $30
- Overtime Parking‐Meter $30
- Improper Parking: Blocking Drive, Double Parking, Yellow Line $30
- Parking on Sidewalk or Grass $30
- Disabled Zone or Ramp $100
- Unauthorized Use of Permit $100
- Blocking Ramp $30
- Blocking Fire Hydrant $30
- Parking in Visitors Only Space $30
- Blocking a Vehicle $30
- Blocking Loading Dock $30
B. Individuals committing five (5) or more traffic or parking violations, or any combination thereof, within an academic year that have authorization to operate a vehicle on campus may have their parking privileges revoked. Any account with $125 or more in unpaid violations, may have their vehicle impounded or immobilized until all fines and fees are paid in full to include a $25 immobilization fee and/or any applicable towing and storage fees. Parking privileges may be revoked for frequent violators of parking regulations. Any vehicle that is immobilized for five (5) days without the fines being paid in full is subject to being towed at the owner’s expense.
C. Revenues received pursuant to Article VII are placed in an Auxiliary account to be used for the following:
- To defray the cost of administering and enforcing ordinances adopted
- To provide transportation systems and facilities including payments to any public or private transportation system serving university students and employees.
- To develop, maintain, and supervise parking areas and facilities.
- To finance construction of parking facilities.
- For other purposes related to parking, traffic, and transportation on the campus.
SECTION 4. TOWING OR IMMOBILIZING
The University Police Department and/or Parking Services is authorized to remove from the campus, to a storage area, any vehicle parked in violation of these Traffic and Parking Regulations at the owner's expense. As a matter of enforcement policy, University Police Officers will not tow a vehicle except in the following circumstances, without specific approval from the Director of the University Police or their designee.
- The operator's authorization to operate a vehicle on campus has been revoked and the operator has been duly notified of this revocation by personal service, campus mail, or first class mail.
- The vehicle is blocking a curb cut designed for wheelchairs.
- The vehicle is parked in a fire lane or other area marked with appropriate signs.
- The vehicle does not have a license plate(s).
- The vehicle is blocking traffic or another car and the operator of the other car wishes to leave.
- The vehicle is parked in a non-parking area and/or blocking a trash dumpster.
- The vehicle is found in an unauthorized parking lot.
- The vehicle is in continuous violation of traffic and parking rules and regulations.
- The vehicle is creating a traffic hazard.
- The vehicle is parked in a disabled space without a proper/valid permit.
- Any account with $125 or more in unpaid parking violations.
- Any vehicle which is immobilized for longer than five (5) business days, without paying in full all fines and fees owed, may be towed from University property at the owner's expense.
The vehicle is considered towed once the tow service has been called and the owner or operator must pay the towing fee to the tow service and all unpaid parking violations before the vehicle can be released. Towing and storage fees constitute a lien against the vehicle enforceable in the manner prescribed by law for enforcement of mechanics and material men's liens.
SECTION 5. NOTIFICATION
The Parking Service Office makes a reasonable effort to notify the vehicle registrant each month of any parking violations. This communication includes the date of the violations, the violations number and fine due. However, the violation itself serves as the first notification and it is due upon receipt. Inability of the Parking Services Office to notify registrant does not invalidate the fine or late fees assigned.
ARTICLE VIII: BICYCLES, SCOOTERS, AND MOPEDS
SECTION 1. REGISTRATION
Bicycle and Moped registration is provided by the University Police Department. Scooters parked in University parking lots must register as a vehicle just like a motorcycle.
SECTION 2. SPECIAL REGULATIONS
Bicycles or scooters/mopeds may not be chained or otherwise secured to handrails or traffic signs, or placed in any manner which may create a safety hazard, by obstructing passageways, stairs, entrances, or exits.
SECTION 3. GENERAL REGULATIONS
Operators of bicycles and scooters/mopeds must abide by the rules of Article V when riding on campus streets. Mopeds are considered motor vehicles and therefore, cannot be operated on campus sidewalks.
SECTION 4. ENFORCEMENT
Bicycles and mopeds parked or operated in violation of Article IX, Section 2, are subject to at $5.00 fine and impounding. Fines are collected in accordance with Article VIII, Section 3. The University Police Department has the authority to use whatever means necessary to impound illegally parked bicycles and mopeds; locks and chains are removed at the owner's expense. Proof of ownership is required to claim impounded bicycles or mopeds. Unclaimed bicycles and mopeds are disposed of in accordance with Virginia State Statutes.
ARTICLE IX: Pedestrians
SECTION 1. PEDESTRIANS RIGHT OF WAY
Pedestrians shall be given the right of way by any operator of a motor vehicle, moped, or bicycle.
SECTION 2. PEDESTRIAN RESPONSIBILITIES
Pedestrians shall use sidewalks and crosswalks whenever they are provided; pedestrians shall walk on the left side of the street, alleyway or driveway facing oncoming traffic. Pedestrians shall not walk or run more than one abreast when sidewalks are not provided.
Questions regarding these rules and regulations should be directed to the Parking Services Office (831-6361 or 831-6330)(V/TDD 831-5128) or email firstname.lastname@example.org, or write to Radford University Parking Service P.O. Box 6992 Radford, VA 24142.